1. Learning how to learn

Given the accelerating pace of change and disruption, we’re all going to need to be able to pick up new skills quickly and reliably.

Psychologist Herbert Gerjuoy put it like this:

Tomorrow’s illiterate will not be the people who can’t read; they will be the people who have not learned how to learn.

Reflecting on the expected rapid transformations in many sectors of society, pioneering futurist Alvin Toffler amplified Gerjuoy’s statement as follows:

Given further acceleration, we can conclude that knowledge will grow increasingly perishable. Today’s “fact” becomes tomorrow’s “misinformation.”

This is no argument against learning facts or data – far from it. But a society in which the individual constantly changes his job, his place of residence, his social ties and so forth, places an  enormous premium on learning efficiency. Tomorrow’s schools must therefore teach not merely data, but ways to manipulate it. Students must learn how to discard old ideas, how and when to replace them. They must, in short, learn how to learn…

By instructing students how to learn, unlearn and relearn, a powerful new dimension can be added to education.

Introductions to Learning how to learn

“Learning how to Learn” by Barbara Oakley, TEDxOakland
“How Neuroscience Is Changing What We Know about Learning” by Barbara Oakley

Other recommended resources:

A Coursera course which is free to all students: Learning How to Learn: Powerful mental tools to help you master tough subjects. The course instructors are Barbara Oakley and Terrence Sejnowski. It is estimated to take 15 hours to complete.

1.1 Setting aside previous learning that no longer pertains

“Think Again”: Adam Grant interviewed on Franklin Covey

1.2 Learning and self-knowledge

1.2.1 The risks of overestimation of self-expertise

The Dunning-Kruger effect: “people’s inability to recognize their lack of ability”

“Why Incompetent People Think They Are Amazing” by David Dunning for TED-Ed
“The Dunning Kruger Effect” by Sprouts Schools
“Why you think you’re right, even if you’re wrong” by Julia Galef (TED)

1.2.2 Knowing oneself better in order to learn in the best way

“How To Find Your Strengths” by Jay Shetty

1.3 Scout mindset vs. soldier mindset

“Why you need scout mindset to change the world” by Julia Galef
“Why you don’t need certainty to be influential” by Julia Galef

1.4 Online resources to support learning

“How not to be ignorant about the world” by Hans and Ola Rosling, TED

1.4.1 Strengths and weaknesses of various online search tools

1.4.2 Finding online courses that are best suited to individual needs

1.4.3 Finding learning communities that can improve understanding

1.4.4 Skills in evaluating the reliability of sources and communities

“Evaluating Information Sources” – by Australian National University (ANU) library
“Why Critical Thinking Makes You Smarter” by Big Think

1.5 Particular methods for learning

1.5.1 Active learning

“The Active Learning Method” by Sprouts Schools
“Study LESS, Study SMART – What I Wish I Knew in College” by Med School Insiders
“13 Study Tips: The Science of Better Learning” by Sprouts Schools

1.5.2 Learning via playfulness and retrospectives

“Fun for Your Brain” by Anthony Metivier

1.5.3 How to consolidate new learning

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