18. Philosophy

How can we approach questions when science cannot provide answers? The ancient field of philosophy is critically important in the light of profound uncertainty and on account of the collapse in credibility of many traditional sources of value systems.

Resources providing an overall introduction to philosophy:

What is Philosophy?: Video #1 from “Crash Course Philosophy”
“What is Philosophy? The meaning of philosophy” from PHILO-notes

18.1 How philosophy changes the world

18.1.1 When philosophers were mistaken

18.1.2 The positive impact of philosophy

18.1.3 The potential power of transcendent thinking

“Transcending Conditioned Ways of Thinking” by Eckhart Tolle

18.2 Constraints on clear thinking

18.2.1 Philosophical biases and fallacies

18.2.2 How language moulds thought

“How language shapes the way we think” – Lera Boroditsky at TED

18.3 Implications of modern science and tech for traditional worldviews

A single brain may host more than one consciousness – Eran Zaidel
“Life After Death” with Sean Carroll
“God is not a Good Theory” with Sean Carroll

Evidence of many flaws in human design

“Human Errors: A Panorama Of Our Glitches, From Pointless Bones To Broken Genes” with Nathan Lents

18.4 Theories of mind

18.4.1 Materialism and alternatives

“Can Brain Alone Explain Consciousness?” by Closer To Truth host Robert Lawrence Kuhn
“Your brain hallucinates your conscious reality” by Anil Seth
“Can You Upload Your Mind & Live Forever” by Kurzgesagt

18.4.2 Free will

Sam Harris on “Free Will”

18.5 Theories of values

18.5.1 Consequentialism and alternatives

18.5.2 Good and evil

18.5.3 Virtue signalling

18.5.4 Crime and punishment

18.6 Expanding moral concern

18.6.1 Evaluating unborn generations

18.6.2 Attitudes toward animals

18.6.3 Attitudes toward AIs

18.7 Potential foundations for philosophy

18.7.1 Approaches to determine ultimate priorities

18.7.2 Strengths and weaknesses of religions

18.7.3 Strengths and weaknesses of humanism

18.7.4 Evolving a framework for ethics fit for the 2020s

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